NASA sets new date for crew change mission ISS Crew-1, also known as USCV-1 (US Crew Vehicle 1), is the launch of a Falcon 9 rocket with the Crew Dragon (C207 Resilience) spacecraft, which will mark the transition to full operation of SpaceX. scheduled for November 14…
The estimated start time for Crew-1 is 7:49 pm North American time (01:49 am Kyiv time).
Recall that this launch was originally scheduled for October 31, but in mid-October NASA decided to postpone the mission in connection with the investigation of the problem with the turbo pump of one of the engines of the first stage of the Falcon 9 rocket when trying to launch the GPS III-04 satellite.
Last week, in an update on the Crew-1 mission, NASA’s deputy director for space exploration and human flight, Katie Luders, announced that SpaceX will replace one Merlin 1D engine (nine in total) with a Falcon 9 for Crew-1. … To ensure the Falcon 9 is reliable and free from security threats, NASA also intends to oversee the launch of the Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite to study the world sea level, which will take place four days before Crew-1.
“Together with SpaceX, we have made significant progress in engine testing to better understand the reasons for the abnormal behavior of the turbo pump observed during a recent attempt to launch a non-NASA mission. [ред. – речь о мисиии GPS III SV04]… It is too early to report the results as SpaceX continues testing to confirm what it believes is the most likely cause of engine deviations. ”
Katie Luders, Deputy Director for Space Exploration and Human Flight at NASA
Crew-1 is one of six planned SpaceX missions to send humans to the ISS as part of ongoing contact with NASA and its Commercial Crew Program, which aims to support commercial space transport companies. This is Crew Dragon’s first operational flight since SpaceX’s first Demo-2 manned demonstration mission.
Crew composition of Crew-1 was announced Back in July, three NASA astronauts (Michael Hopkins, Victor Glover and Shannon Walker) and a JAXA astronaut (Soichi Noguchi) will go to the ISS. They will join the ISS-64 expedition. The duration of this mission will be 210 days.
How the Crew-1 will fly will determine the reuse of the Crew Dragon ships and the first stages of the Falcon for manned missions under the Commercial Crew Program. It was expected that the C206 Endeavor will be used in a future mission Crew-2, scheduled for spring 2021.
Elon Musk’s company has been using the already flown ships and the first stages of the Falcon 9 rocket for a long time to deliver cargo under the Commercial Resupply Services contract (in December 2017, as part of the CRS-13 mission, the first launch took place, in which the launch vehicle and the ship were reused simultaneously – at most SpaceX launched the same ship three times).
- Crew Dragon was created as part of the NASA Commercial Crew Program, which will allow astronauts to be sent to the ISS without the use of Russian Soyuz spacecraft. On Crew Dragon, NASA will pay $ 55 million per seat (with the option of further price reductions through the reuse of Crew Dragon). The ship will be able to take on board up to seven crew members or four people and cargo – it is in this configuration that NASA plans to use it.
- The first unmanned launch of Crew Dragon took place on March 2, 2019, as part of the DM-1 mission, it successfully reached the ISS without a crew, made an automatic docking, undocked and successfully returned to Earth.
- The first manned flight of Crew Dragon took place on May 30, the Crew Dragon (C206 Endeavor) spacecraft with the crew of the first manned SpaceX Demo-2 mission (NASA astronauts Douglas Hurley and Robert Benken) successfully docked to the ISS after a 19-hour flight, and on August 2 it successfully returned to the ground.
- In the future, SpaceX plans to use Crew Dragon not only to deliver crews to the ISS, but also for tourist flights into space. To date, SpaceX has announced two such missions (1 and 2) – both slated for 2021.
- Previously, NASA also selected SpaceX to deliver cargo to the station using a Falcon Heavy rocket and a new cargo ship Dragon XL, and also commissioned Musk to develop a lander for the Artemis manned lunar mission.
- At the same time, SpaceX is working on the Starship and Super Heavy, a promising super-heavy rocket and spacecraft being developed by SpaceX to replace the current Falcon and Dragon family of rockets. The second stage simultaneously acts as a manned or cargo spacecraft. The rocket is designed as fully reusable, both of its stages will be able to make a soft landing after a flight into space. The Starship SN8 prototype with three Raptor engines passed its first firing tests last week and is now preparing to make its first full flight of 18 km (possibly before the end of this week).