SpaceX founder and CEO Elon Musk is firmly convinced that a human foot will first set foot on the surface of the Red Planet within the next six years. He made the corresponding statement at the Axel Springer award ceremony, which is awarded by the media concern of the same name to the authors of innovative ideas influencing humanity’s development.

Below is the video is a corresponding fragment of Musk’s conversation with the host of the award:

“If we’re lucky, maybe we can [достичь этой цели] in 4 years … We want to send there [на Марс] a ship without a crew in 2 years. “

By and large, in his recent statement, Musk only confirmed the same dates that he indicated earlier. The founder and head of SpaceX Elon Musk spoke about plans to colonize Mars back in 2011, stating that this will happen within the next 10-20 years.

Right now, as you know, SpaceX is at an incredible pace, especially given the small amount of dedicated resources (about 5%), is developing a next-generation manned spacecraft Starship (and a heavy Super Heavy launch vehicle for it) to colonize the Moon and Mars. Over the past year, Elon Musk’s company has achieved considerable success in this ambitious project. A summary below.

Last year, SpaceX conducted a series of successful tests on a scaled-down Starhopper mockup (aka repeats and “water tower”). First, there were static tests of the Starhopper engine on land, and then we saw the first flight tests of the Starhopper test with ascents to altitudes of 20 and 150 m. On August 5, Starship SN5 (fifth production test vehicle) with one Raptor engine made its maiden flight 150 meters. The previous four (Mk1, SN1, SN3, and SN4) were destroyed in earlier testing stages. On September 3, the Starship SN6, powered by the Raptor SN29 engine, repeated the Starship SN5 feat.

On November 25, SpaceX conducted the fourth firing tests of the Starship SN8 prototype (the eighth production test vehicle) with three thankfully assembled Raptor oxygen engines (equipped with a head fairing and air rudders). It is now preparing for the first full-fledged flight tests – the launch was tentatively planned for November 30, but since then, it has been postponed several times. On the night of December 3, SpaceX will once again try to launch Starship SN8.

The suborbital flight will be the apotheosis of the Starship SN8 test program – the prototype ship will rise to about 15 kilometers and land back at the launch site. The chance of success is small – “1/3” evaluation Mask. But SpaceX has improved prototypes SN9 and SN10 almost ready, and several major updates are planned for SN15.

  • Initially, the concept of the BFR (Big Falcon Rocket) and BFS (Big Falcon Ship) rocket system, which was then called it’s (Interplanetary Transport System), was presented by Elon Musk at the International Astronautics Congress back in September 2016. In November 2018, Musk announced the BFR booster’s renaming to Super Heavy, and the BFS ship to Starship. It is with his help that SpaceX plans to send a Japanese billionaire to the moon around 2023.
  • According to the plan, in 2022, the first Starship ships without a crew should fly to Mars with various kinds of equipment in preparation for colonization. In 2023 – with the help of Starship, it is planned to send a tourist delegation led by a Japanese billionaire to the Moon (flyby without landing), after which in 2024-2026, the first colonizers will go to Mars on Starship.
  • In 2019, Musk said that in the future, tickets for Starship (up to 100 people can comfortably accommodate and travel in the passenger compartment) would be sold for less than $ 500,000 (both ways), adding that in the future, the price may drop to $ 100 thousand. He also said that a 70 percent probability would be among those who move to live on Mars. He also said that the cost of launching Starship would not exceed $ 2 million, and the creation of a self-sufficient colony on Mars would require 20 years and a thousand ships.
  • SpaceX has already selected a site to build a plant and an engineering center in the Port of Los Angeles, where the Starship interplanetary spacecraft will be developed and assembled. Also, SpaceX plans to create floating spaceports – for launching rockets to Mars and the Moon and hypersonic passenger transportation on Earth.
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