The German company Bosch has decided to create a new multidisciplinary computer systems division that will be responsible for software for cars. As a result, starting next year, existing and new customers of the company will receive electronic systems and the necessary software from one source – a division of approximately 17,000 employees.
Analysts predict the global market for software, electrical and electronic components for cars will grow by about 7% annually from 2020 to 2030. This corresponds to an increase from $ 238 billion in 2020 to $ 469 billion in 2030. ???? Bosch estimates the market labor-intensive software will grow by 15% annually until 2030.
About 90% of innovation in the automotive industry takes place in software and electronics. In 2019, 140 billion euros were spent on research and development in the automotive industry. A third of this amount fell on developments in the field of electrical, electronics and related software. This share is expected to increase to 40% by 2030. Annual expenses on software development alone will rise to about 39 billion euros.
The cost of electronic components per vehicle is set to rise from about $ 3,000 to $ 7,000 in 2025. This prediction places a premium combustion engine car in 2020 with a partially automated electric car in 2025. Thus, the share of electronic components in the total cost of car components will grow from the current 16% to 35% already in 2025.
Whereas in 2010 the car software consisted of 10 million lines of code, now cars use up to 100 million lines of code. In the near future, self-driving cars will use 300 to 500 million lines of code. One million lines of code is equivalent to 18,000 A4 pages.
At the same time, automotive electronics is becoming more and more complex. Between 2006 and 2016, the average number of ECUs per vehicle in all vehicle segments increased from 28 to 38. In 2018, premium cars were equipped with about 110 control units, for cars in the middle price segment, this figure was 20. The length of the wiring harness of modern middle class car is about 8 kilometers. Weighing between 50 and 100 kg, control units and wiring have a significant impact on the total vehicle weight. A modern car uses about ten different bus systems and data communication standards, including CAN, CAN-FD, MOST, LIN, Flexray and Ethernet.
The Bosch mobile solutions sector currently employs about 14,000 software engineers and annual software development costs of 3 billion euros. In 2019, Bosch already employed 30,000 software engineers. Bosch has been developing vehicle software in-house for the past four decades. The debut of anti-lock braking systems in the Mercedes-Benz S-Class in 1978 was also the first application of digital circuits in an automobile.